More people will die from common surgical procedures and cancer treatments if dangerous bacteria continue to develop resistance to widely used antibiotics, a new study warns.
Patients rely on antibiotics to protect them from potentially deadly infections after undergoing chemotherapy, pacemaker implantation, cesarean sections or countless other medical procedures, said study senior author Ramanan Laxminarayan. He is director of the Centre for Disease Dynamics, Economics & Policy, a public health research organisation in Washington, D.C.
The new study, published on October 15 in The Lancet, estimates that as many as half of infections after surgery and more than a quarter of infections after chemotherapy are caused by organisms already resistant to standard antibiotics.
If antibiotic resistance increases by just 30 percent in the United States, the tougher-to-treat bacteria could cause 6,300 more deaths a year and 120,000 more infections in patients undergoing either chemotherapy for cancer or 10 common surgical procedures, the researchers projected.
“Anytime you\\\'re going to need a surgery or a transplant, you\\\'re going to need effective antibiotics. It\\\'s something that affects all of us,” Laxminarayan said.
Concern over antibiotic-resistant bacteria is growing. Earlier this year, the Obama administration released a national action plan to combat antibiotic resistance.
Also, the \\\"superbug\\\" MRSA was in the headlines this week after causing a serious infection in the ankle of New York Giants tight end Daniel Fells, prompting speculation the NFL player might need a foot amputation.
The U.S. Centres for Disease Control and Prevention estimates that at least 2 million people a year become infected by antibiotic-resistant bacteria, and at least 23,000 die from these infections.
But most of these worries focus on the ability to treat existing bacterial infections, and ignore the widespread use of antibiotics to prevent infections after surgery or chemotherapy, said Dr Joshua Wolf, an assistant member of the infectious diseases department at St. Jude Children\\\'s Research Hospital in Memphis.
\\\"We know that kids with cancer have extremely high risk of bacterial infection that can be life-threatening. If resistance rates rise, those antibiotics will become less effective,\\\" said Wolf, who wrote an accompanying editorial in the journal. \\\"Surgery will become less safe, and cancer treatment will become more difficult.
To estimate the hazard posed to modern medicine by antibiotic resistance, the researchers reviewed hundreds of clinical trials between 1968 and 2011 that examined the effectiveness of antibiotics in preventing infection after chemotherapy or 10 common surgical procedures.
Those procedures included hip fracture surgery, pacemaker implantation, surgical abortion, spinal surgery, hip replacement, C-section delivery, prostate biopsy, appendectomy, hysterectomy and colon surgery.
Based on their review, the researchers estimate that between 39 percent and 51 percent of surgical site infections and 27 percent of post-chemotherapy infections are caused by bacteria already somewhat resistant to antibiotics.
Using a computer model, the study authors were able to show that with a 10 percent increase in antibiotic resistance, there would be at least 2,100 more infection-related deaths a year and 40,000 more infections following surgery or chemo.
A 70 percent increase in resistance would lead to an additional 15,000 deaths annually and 280,000 infections, they said.
\\\"It\\\'s a large enough number that it should be of concern,\\\" Laxminarayan said.
He added that the number would be even higher if the estimate included all procedures that require antibiotics, which range from simple root canals to organ transplants.
\\\"Antibiotics are the one medication that everyone will get at some point in their life,\\\" Laxminarayan said.
The development of new antibiotics will not help if effective antibiotic controls are not in place, Wolf said.
\\\"Our experience has been that when we introduce a new antibiotic, we see resistance develop fairly quickly,\\\" he said.
Doctors and hospitals can help by limiting use of antibiotics to cases that truly need them, said Dr Henry Chambers, chief of infectious diseases at San Francisco General Hospital.
Also, Chambers would like to see tough mandatory controls put in place. Currently, he said, \\\"in hospitals, pretty much anybody can order an antibiotic.\\\"
Consumers can play a role, too, Wolf added.
\\\"They can say no to antibiotics for coughs and colds. They can ask for an antibiotic alternative, if it\\\'s available. And they can ask for meat that\\\'s antibiotic-free,\\\" Wolf said.
SOURCES: Ramanan Laxminarayan, Ph.D., M.P.H., director, Center for Disease Dynamics, Economics & Policy in Washington D.C.; Joshua Wolf, M.B.B.S., assistant member, Infectious Diseases Department, St. Jude Children\\\'s Research Hospital, Memphis, Tenn.; Henry Chambers, M.D., chief, infectious diseases, San Francisco General Hospital
The National Consumers Forum - NATCOF participated in the 3 day celebration for the National Day Show at Roche Caiman. NATCOF was showcasing its 20th anniversary exhibition and giving out information on consumers rights and responsibilities at the stall under CEPS - Citizens Engagement Platform Seychelles.
To mark World Consumer Rights Day , Consumer International(CI)launched a new Consumer Agenda for Fair Mobile Services.
The agenda sets out the issues that mostly affect consumers, including the need for access to a reliable service, the security of their data and fair contracts
CI will submit the Agenda to the World Telecommunications DevelopmentConference, held by the International Telecommunications Union, where we
will be calling on phone regulators and companies to take action to stop these issues undermining the success of this new technology.
Ringing in the changes Can you imagine a world without mobile phones? In just a few years they have become an indispensable part of our lives and can be found in almost every country around the world.
But as the number of consumers using mobile services nears seven billion, what sort of service are they receiving?
Are they being treated fairly? Our 2014 World Consumer Rights Day (WCRD) campaign Fix Our Phone Rights! is devoted to tackling the issues that mostly affect consumers of mobile services.
Why Phone Rights are importan
In 2013 it was estimated that 6.8 billion people owned a mobile phone. In 2011 that figure was 6 billion and in 2010 it was 5.4 billion.
At the same time, mobile services have transformed from just being telephones that enable us to talk and text, to mini computers giving us access to information
and services that are crucial to livelihoods and health. They are not just convenient, but increasingly important tools that help to empower citizens and consumers. Having access to mobile connectivity is a necessity.
CI\'s agenda for Phone Rights
CI\'s Consumer Agenda for Fair Mobile Services addresses the issues that affect mobile consumers across the world, and we hope every CI Member and
Supporter can join the call. Some of the issues we want to address are:
Some cereal bars aimed at children contain "staggering" levels of sugar and are better suited to the confectionery aisle, a consumer group has warned.
Which? has used World Consumer Rights Day to call for clearer traffic light nutrition labelling on the front of all cereal bar packs after finding some contain more than 40% sugar.
The watchdog took a snapshot survey of 15 cereal bars and breakfast biscuits and found the levels of sugar left some "more suited to the confectionery aisle", including those marketed directly at children.
Read more: http://www.dailymail.co.uk/wires/pa/article-2995273/Warning-cereal-bar-sugar-levels.html#ixzz3YInWDE3w
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For centuries, people from tropical regions have known about the amazing health benefits of tender coconut water, which comes from young green coconuts. Each nut contains about 200 to 1,000 milliliters (approximately 1 to 4 cups) of coconut water.
It is a delicious and refreshing low-calorie natural beverage. Tender coconut water contains more nutrients than mature coconut water.
It’s packed with antioxidants, amino acids, enzymes, B-complex vitamins, vitamin C and minerals like iron, calcium, potassium, magnesium, manganese and zinc.
The micronutrients in coconut water help boost the immune system. Plus, the plant hormones called cytokinins in this health drink exhibit anti-aging, antithrombotic and anticancer effects.
This is only the top of the list of toxic food products which, in the opinion of foreign and domestic nutritionist, should be avoided. - The greatest enemy of health is processed foods with lots of additives, and still do not know which the long term effects of consuming these foods are – believes Rachel Harvest, a nutritionist from New York. - See more at: http://www.healthyfoodteam.com/these-foods-are-killing-us-heres-why-you-should-avoid-them/#sthash.luMv8LvP.dpuf
One of the important things people should do is accept responsibility for taking care of themselves. It\'s important to question and understand your doctor\'s advice.There are many examples of people whose health has been tragically damaged as a result of a medical mistake. More than 100,000 people die each year due to medical errors. In the event you find yourself in a hospital or doctor\'s office for health-related reasons, here\'s a to-do of things you can do
TODAY to protect your health.
Stay healthy, everyone!